When headaches occur more than three times per month, preventive treatment is usually recommended by your doctor.ix Stress reduction, biofeedback, elimination of certain foods from the diet, and drug therapy are the most common methods of preventing and controlling recurring headaches.
- Get enough sleep- Most adults need at least 6 to 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep. When possible, try to go to sleep and wake up at consistent hours.
- Eat a healthy diet and stay well hydrated- dehydration and fluctuations in blood sugar can cause a headache
- Eat meals at regular intervals
- If you suffer from migraines, be mindful of certain dietary triggers such as cheese, chocolate, MSG, nitrates, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, and caffeinex
- Exercise regularly. This can reduce stress and decrease headache frequency. Excessive physical exertion or inconsistent patterns of exercise may cause a headache
- Learn proper posture.
- Learn to relax using techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, or meditation.
- Stop or decrease nicotine use.
- Stretch your neck and upper body, especially if your work involves typing or using a computer.
- If needed, eyeglasses or contact lenses should fit properly and contain an appropriate prescription.
ixPharmacologic Management of Acute Attacks of Migraine and Prevention of Migraine Headache
Snow V, Weiss K, Wall EM, Mottur-Pilson C
Annals of Internal Medicine 2002; 137(10) 840-852
xDiagnosing and Managing Migraine Headache
JAOA 2007; 107(11) ES10-16